Some entrepreneurs forget that they can’t use people the same way they use technology to build a startup. Inventors, for example, are skilled in manipulating technology but may have little interest or experience engaging people to make an effective team. Unfortunately, startups are not one-man shows, so entrepreneurs need to study leadership as much as they study technology.
In fact, we can all benefit from focusing on the keys to people leadership from time to time. Recently, I came across the new edition of “Leading Out Loud: A Guide for Engaging Others in Creating the Future,” by Terry Pearce, who has been in this space for a long time, and I felt it spoke loudly to every entrepreneur looking to improve his or her leadership communication.
Pearce characterizes good leadership as the place where soul and science meet. He explains in detail how and why every entrepreneur needs to hone his skills and documents his own leadership guide, comprised of the following 4 main parts:
1. Establishing competence and building trustworthiness. Startup leaders recognize the need for strong credentials to demonstrate competence to team members, customers and investors. But they must also display empathy, acknowledge resistance and share personal motivation to build trustworthiness. These are the hard parts.
2. Creating shared context. They also must share a common understanding of the past and the urgency for creating a new, better future with the products and services on the table. Otherwise, customers and investors will see new initiatives as merely change rather than progress. On average, change generates more fear than excitement.
3. Declaring and describing the future. Entrepreneur leaders must be able to vividly describe a new world that is compelling and exciting to others. Focusing on the technology doesn’t do it. Customers can relate to painful problems today and can relate to solutions that will make their new world less problematic.
4. Committing to action. Personal action speaks far more loudly than any rhetoric. Startup leaders must reveal what they are willing to risk — what personal steps they will take — to enable the new reality to take shape. The team wants to see you in the pit with them. Investors want to see progress and traction. Customers want to see results.
Merely understanding what matters will not assure that you can communicate to inspire. Effective leaders have to be courageous enough to communicate authentically from the basis of their real values, whether they are pitching to investors, closing a customer sale or conversing informally with the team. Their passion, commitment and self-knowledge have to come through.
In the business and financial world, the choice and use of evidence in communication is also critical. Passion, excitement and emotion are usually not enough to get investors and customers lined up. Evidence like the following leads to understanding and receptivity:
Data specifics encourage engagement. People equate specificity with certainty, so facts are far more powerful than generalities. Specifics allow comparison and judgment, engaging others in a mental process rather than treating them as passive receptors.
Make data relevant and meaningful. Use examples to make it possible for each constituent to directly and personally experience the relevance of the data you present. Put global data in a local context to make it familiar. This establishes a much closer connection.
Highlight quotes and support from others. Quoting an expert or customer who agrees with your idea generally adds weight to your evidence. For even more power, use personal relationships, audience members or people who have actually impacted your own life.
Technology may be the key to building a great product, but people are the key to building a great business. Effective communication and leadership are a tremendous advantage in both cases. A great entrepreneur creates the future by declaring it and describing it in such a compelling way that people go there without fearing the change. Start today.