In 1837, French critic Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve wrote a poem comparing two French writers, Victor Hugo and Alfred de Vigny. Hugo (who wrote Les Miserables among other works) showed a keen interest in social justice and human suffering. De Vigny was more hermetic and “more secret,” Sainte-Beuve wrote, “as if in his ivory tower.” This is the […]
Colleen Abel is Head of Academic Outreach at Hippo Thinks. She holds a PhD in English from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and an MFA in Poetry from the Program for Writers at Warren Wilson College.